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Experts link cancer to air pollution and warn of quality cities

Dr Sandeep Nayak P, Head of Department of Surgical Oncology and Robotic and Laparoscopic Surgery, Fortis Hospitals, Bengaluru said that air pollution as a cause of cancer has slowly moved to the center of the scene in recent years.

Speaking to IANS, he said: “Exposure to air pollution, second-hand smoke, radon, ultraviolet radiation, asbestos, certain chemicals and other pollutants cause more than 10% of all cancer cases in India, including Bengaluru.”

He explained that over the past few decades, evidence that air pollution is linked to a range of cancers has grown. In 2013, a group of international experts, working for the World Health Organization’s International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), reviewed the results of all available research and concluded that air pollution air caused cancer in humans, especially the lungs. cancer.

“But what do these experts mean by ‘air pollution’? The term is very broad and covers a host of “bad guys” including tiny particles, tiny fragments of metals and gases.

“However, when it comes to cancer risk, research so far shows that tiny dust-like particles just a millionth of a meter across – called ‘particulate matter’ or PM – are the main In particular, the smallest particles – less than 2.5 millionths of a meter in diameter, known as PM2.5 – appear to be at the root of pollution-induced lung cancers,” he said. he declares.

These are found primarily in diesel engine emissions – what the IARC has found to cause cancer in humans. The current research published in Lancet tried to explain how PM2.5 can cause cancer by causing inflammatory reactions and thus leading to a cancer-causing mutation, he said.

Actor and environmentalist Suresh Heblikar explained that “our country has not yet learned how to build megacities. We build metropolitan cities like Bengaluru, Chennai, Pune and Hyderabad. We have destroyed and wiped out many lakes. We have created housing developments, bus stops and industrial, commercial and commercial developments. How can a city be built like this?

Bangalore was the most beautiful city in India. He is completely wiped out because people are making money in the name of the smart city, he says.

Heblikar said that “we need to understand what kind of people live in this country. We have over 40 million people living below the poverty line, five to six million people totally unemployed and there is a minister who says he wants to build roads that can be compared to American roads.

Cities are wiping out bodies of water, they are wiping out grasslands, shrubs, soil in the name of building cities and bringing in foreign investment, how will people live? asked Heblikar.

There is a climate change in the world that destroys agriculture, rivers, soils, forests and the ability to work. Is the government considering any of these things? They only talk about investments, about developing cities because there is a lot of money in there, he argued.

The government must learn to build small towns, villages and villages. It’s not about making a road to the village. Not only economic, social, cultural development will have to be done.

If you go to NITI Ayog they will tell you, get some mechanical equipment. But where is the money for farmers to buy equipment? They sometimes don’t have the money to buy fertilizer, Heblikar said.

“The Prime Minister says all countries must come together to tackle the issues of climate change. We are pursuing the same type of development in India. Building cities and making money here and neglecting small towns, villages,” he pointed out.

“Look seriously at the environment, stop building big cities in India, develop small towns and villages and take care of the villages where our life is. Don’t chase vehicles, too much technology, which only brings you wealth and the younger generations are getting this type of education, they are looking for technology,” Heblikar said.

“We have a huge climate change challenge. If we don’t tackle climate change, there will be no water, there will be no open air, clean air and there will be no food. Food, water and air should be kept in mind,” he added.

Agricultural scientist and biodiversity evangelist Dr AN Yallappa Reddy said it’s a known fact that every city in the country, especially its children and elderly, suffers from all kinds of lung problems. Bengaluru’s breathable air, he pointed out, is not up to the highest quality standards.

It has a lot of problems due to construction and burning debris and car traffic. Breathing air quality is not very good and affects 40% of the population, especially school children and the elderly, to the delight of a few people who want to burn crackers and release deadly particles like nitrate , sulfur, carbon dioxide, he charged.

The concept of green crackers is nonsense. On what basis can we define green crackers? Sound and light are produced only when chemicals are used. So people shouldn’t be fooled like that. Health is more important. We celebrate our holidays to enhance our joy and health, not to suffer or create trouble, Reddy said.