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Link between childhood maltreatment and CVD risk factors varies by race and sex – Consumer Health News

WEDNESDAY, April 27, 2022 (HealthDay News) — According to a study published online April 27 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

Liliana Aguayo, Ph.D., MPH, of Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine in Chicago, and her colleagues examined associations of childhood maltreatment with four risk factors for cardiovascular disease in adulthood (incident obesity, diabetes type 2, hypertension and hyperlipidemia) using data from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults study.

The researchers found that, compared to no abuse, exposure to occasional/frequent abuse was associated with incident type 2 diabetes in white males (relative risk, 1.81). In white men and white women, exposure to little or no abuse was associated with incident hyperlipidemia (hazard ratios, 1.35 and 1.26, respectively). Compared to white women who experienced abuse and lived in well-organized households, white women who experienced abuse and lived in dysfunctional households or households with low levels of organization had higher risks of incident hyperlipidemia (hazard ratios, 3.61 and 2.05, respectively). The trends were similar for black men who lived in dysfunctional households or poorly organized households (hazard ratios, 3.62 and 2.01, respectively).

“These findings demonstrate that both negative and positive childhood experiences have long-term consequences for adult cardiovascular health and may explain major race- and sex-specific disparities in cardiovascular disease risk,” the authors write.

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